The Effects of 5 Popular Drugs on Your Body and Brain
Ever wonder why sipping a cocktail after a long day makes you feel relaxed, or why your eyes turn red after smoking a joint? We take a look at the physical and psychological effects of drugs on your body and brain.
Source: Dana Guide to Brain Health
- The effects of 5 popular drugs on your body and brain:
Millions of people around the world consume drugs each and every day – from a cocktail after work to unwind, to a line of cocaine or a hit of ecstasy to keep up energy on the dance floor. But have you ever stopped to wonder what exactly these drugs are doing to your brain in order to create these desired effects? Aside from setting you up for drug addiction, substances are causing your mind and body to work in unnatural ways.
We take a look at the most commonly abused substances, and how they alter the brain and body with use.
Despite being legal (and widely consumed) in many countries around the world, studies have found that alcohol is actually the most dangerous drug on the market – even above heroin and cocaine. Over three million deaths are attributed to alcohol abuse each and every year. Alcohol is a depressant, and the effects on the mind and body include:
- Increased levels of dopamine in the brain, giving you the impression that alcohol makes you feel better (happier, less stressed, etc.).
- Slowed thinking, breathing and heart rate within minutes of consumption. This is one of the reasons that drinking too much can kill you.
- Liver overload. Generally, your liver can only process the equivalent of 25ml (one shot) of alcohol per hour. Drinking at a rate faster than that can quickly and dangerously increase your blood alcohol content.
- Fatty liver. In those who drink heavily, 90% develop fatty liver disease which can cause fatigue, weight gain and pain.
- Bad brain connections: Frequent consumption can cause damage to the links between neurons in your brain, which affects your ability to process information.
- A feeling of fearlessness which can lead to accidents, physical fights and injury.
- Possibility of developing an addiction.
Upcoming: Marijuana, Opioids, Cocaine, Ecstasy.
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